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Vernazza, the only natural harbour, is the jewel of the Cinque Terre: its beauty made it famous all around the world and it is easy to find pictures of this place in many books and magazines.
The village was built as a fortification where the houses grow creeping on the sides of a very narrow valley.
Down, at the entrance of the harbour, almost at sea-level, another fortification, called "Belforte", closes the defence area on east and south.
In some scholar opinion, the origins of Vernazza date back to the legendary Ligurian people.
They assert that the Romans settled down in this area in 177 a.c., after the conquest of the etrurian town of Luni and the partition of the "Ager Lunensis". They called this place "Vulnetia", latin for "wound" because of its topographic structure.
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